Abstract Tips


Tips on what NOT to do
when writing an Abstract


Here are a few comments from judges about past Forum abstracts, giving some ideas of what not to do:

  • no details given as to what methods were used to get their results
     

  • too jargon-heavy; use analogy or common comparison to make more understandable
     

  • need to define abbreviations
     

  • wordy; should use concise wording and not digress from question/methods/results
     

  • need to emphasize facts and what actually took place during the research; also, need to remove any speculative statements not founded in data
     

  • gave good background to show relevance, but much of abstract was background, i.e., not discussing their own work.
     

  • too much background info - more detail needed on actual study
     

  • grammatically, abstracts should be written in past impersonal voice (i.e., "it was found", not "we found")
     

  • this document does not appear to be abstracted content, but merely a list of what will be included in the presentation
     

  • can't tell what was actually done as part of this study (i.e., what was already done, and what the student/researcher did).  Use clear language such as "this study examined such and such by doing such and such"
     

  • results unclear - more detail is needed
     

  • results unknown -- it was just stated that they will discuss the results during the presentation
     

  • needed more written to explain and define study--purpose, relevance. With such heavy jargon, need to describe model, rationale, and design more clearly