Grant Writing Resources
Welcome to this resource on grant writing! The material presented here provides some foundational information about writing a grant proposal. You will find resources on Steps in the Grant Writing Process, Tips and General Information, Common Grant Proposal Sections, Writing a Compelling Argument, Developing a Grant Budget, Glossary of Grant Terms, and Helpful Grant Websites.
Grant writing starts with identifying a need or a problem that you and your organization seek to address. The best programs are driven by the mission, not by the money. Only after a problem and program have been established should you begin to search for funders.
Grant makers can be from a government agency at the federal, state, or local level, or they may be a foundation or corporation. When these organizations establish a grant, they seek programs that match their vision, so it is essential that you know the funder and that your organization and program are in alignment with the funder. Grant makers also want to assure that their grants will make a real impact on the people the program serves, so establishing clear outcomes, measurable objectives, and an evaluation plan will be a critical part of the process.
As you consider writing a grant proposal, keep in mind that federal grants can take up to 80 hours to prepare, and some foundation grants can take over 100 hours. Additionally, only about 10-20% of programs receive a grant, so be sure you and your organization are fully committed to completing the best proposal possible and to designing an effective program.
Writing a grant is an opportunity for you to show the passion and commitment of your organization to positively impact your community. Effective grant writing has been described as good story telling, and the hope is that these resources will provide helpful information as you tell your story.
Grant Writing Flowchart
Steps in the Grant Writing Process
Search for funders who sponsor projects similar to the one you have planned.
Verify that your organization is eligible and that your project matches the philanthropic goals of the funder.
Letter of Inquiry (LOI)
Once you identify a funder, you may want to send a letter of inquiry to verify that this funder will welcome a full proposal from you.
Request for Proposal (RFP)
If the funder has extended a Request for Proposals (RFP), download the grant proposal description and become familiar with the guidelines and documents required.
Note Proposal Deadline
Check the deadline. Expect that proposal preparation may take about four weeks. If the deadline is not too soon, make a timeline and a checklist of all the steps you will need to.
Consider others to consult for your project such as organizations to partner with, people with prior grant writing experience, consultants, and outside evaluators.
Begin to establish the details of your project, including: goals, outcomes, objectives, budget, timeline, staffing, participants, logic model, activities, evaluation plan, and sustainability plan.
Begin to compile documentation needed in support of the proposal.
Draft the Proposal
Begin drafting the proposal. Include all required documents. Follow all directions and guidelines exactly as written.
Read and Revise
Let other people read the proposal. Revise and proofread.
Submit before the deadline.
Tips and General Information
The following is a collection of tips to consider early and suggestions on how to get started in the grant writing process.
Preparing for writing a grant proposal
- Decide if you need a grant by identifying a problem that your organization can solve and determining how to solve it and how much money you will need for your program.
- Know what you’re getting in to. Effective proposals require persuasive grant writing, fast-approaching due dates, grant requirements, budgeting and reporting requirements, university overhead, evaluation plans and costs, online requests for proposals (RFP) submission nuances, and other challenges.
- Be realistic in selecting grants to pursue. Evaluate your chances before you start writing.
- Involve people with prior grant experience, as well as a subject matter expert.
- Collaborate with others. Find other individuals, departments, institutions, or organizations to partner with to write grants and execute grant activities. Some grant makers will only fund larger coalitions, and some grants are too big for an individual organization to apply for.
- Learn the processes and policies for your institution. Identify and involve appropriate departments at your institution such as a grants office or sponsored research.
- Determine if you would like to seek one-time grants or recurring grants. Some grants are offered for a singular instance, but many others are offered on a repeating cycle (e.g. annually or bi-annually).
Finding grants and funders
- Consider the type of grant you are seeking: federal, state, or local government grant or a grant from a foundation, corporation, or individual.
- Regional development entities may also be a source of grant funding.
- Most government grants will be announced through a request for proposal (RFP), notice of funding availability (NOFA), or funding opportunity announcement (FOA). Check grants.gov for information on federal grants. Foundations may issue RFPs, but some do not, so a search of different foundations and their websites might open other opportunities.
- Foundations range in size from individual or family organizations to extremely large business, corporate, or other non-profit organizations. Most foundations have a specific cause that they support and for which they fund projects.
- Search the Foundation Center and its directory or the Grantsmanship Center for more information about different foundations and resources for grant writers.
- Local libraries and offices of state and local elected officials may also be able to direct you to grant opportunities.
- If you are seeking a foundation grant, take a look at their tax form 990, which shows past grant recipients and amounts to determine if your program is likely to be funded. You can also seek other publications about past grantees.
- Look for grant opportunities from local businesses and civic organizations. Develop good relationships with potential business, civic, and corporate partners.
- Find grants that align with your institutional or organizational goals.
- Find grants that support what you are currently doing or plan to do.
- Seek out grants as a means of building sustainability and recurring funding for your project.
- Many grant funders will put out a Request for Proposal (RFP) to solicit proposals. In other cases, you may send an unsolicited Letter of Inquiry (LOI) to ask if they are interested in receiving a proposal.
- Stay abreast of funding opportunities by reading the Federal Register and subscribing to newsletters and mailing lists that announce new funding opportunities.
- After you choose a funder, find out as much as possible about that funder.
Writing the proposal
- Tell a compelling story.
- Offer a unique program or project that meets a real need. Make it stand out from the traditional. If it has already been done, it won’t get attention. Do research to avoid proposing a project that is already underway in your community.
Contact the primary contact person for the grant to introduce yourself and address any questions.
- Demonstrate that your organization is under strong leadership and fiscally responsible with a clear vision and the ability to develop and sustain quality programs. Some grant writers include newspaper articles or other information to illustrate their organization’s community involvement and purpose.
- The language in a grant proposal should be crisp, clear, concise, and business-like. You are proposing a business relationship and should not plead for money or ask for a gift.
- Follow the directions in the request for proposal or grant application exactly. Answer all questions. Some proposals include descriptions of scoring criteria.
- Define clear and measurable outcomes. Don’t confuse goals and objectives; goals cannot be measured; objectives can be measured. For example, the goal may be to reduce childhood hunger in the region, and an objective would be to increase the number or households that earn above the poverty line. Focus on a reasonable number of objectives (no more than five).
- Provide clear work plans. In the grant proposal, clearly communicate what activities will be undertaken to achieve objectives.
- Use a logic model to organize and outline your proposal. When preparing the logic model, meet with everyone involved in the project to brainstorm ideas and be sure that all points are covered.
- Justify your proposal with facts, statistics, and cited research. In the project narrative, 80% comes from research and 20% from writing. Some anecdotal information can be included to show there is a compelling problem.
- Identify the target population your program aims to help and show how your program will make a positive impact. You can include a needs assessment and comments from focus groups.
- Demonstrate management capacity and ability to manage grants, including financial resources. Too, consider your constraints to implementation and address them in your proposal.
- Plan for sustainability and include a description in your proposal. Funders like to know that their money is going toward projects that will go beyond the life of the grant.
- The evaluation plan should present quantitative, qualitative, formative, and summative evaluations.
- Consider including a timeline to show milestones and periodic reviews. Some organizations choose to hire an outside evaluator.
- Set your budget below the maximum amount of the grant to increase the chance of getting funded and to enhance the credibility of budget. Make the budget section easy for non-financial people to read.
- Include information about the project staff, such as job descriptions, recruitment plan, and resumes.
- Describe a marketing plan and tell how participants in your program will be recruited.
Common Sections of Grant Proposals
Following are descriptions of sections that are commonly found in grant proposals. All grant proposals are unique, and it is most important that you understand the grant requirements and develop a proposal that clearly meets the stated requirements and that follows all instructions precisely.
- Letter of Inquiry (LOI) – Associated with unsolicited grants, a Letter of Inquiry (LOI) is sent to a potential funder to gauge their interest in funding a proposed project. As the funder is unaware of your organization and proposal, the LOI should summarize the problem or opportunity and provide a description of how the proposed program will address the need, along with the cost to implement the program.
- Letters of Intent (LOI) – Associated with solicited grants, a Letter of Intent (LOI) is sometimes requested as an initial step in pursuing a grant. The Letter of Intent is a brief summary of the project (project goals aligned with grant, description of activities, budget information) from which the funder can determine if they are interested. If the funder is interested in the project, they will then request a full grant proposal.
- Request for Proposal (RFP) – Most solicited grants put out a public notice of the grant program in a Request for Proposal (RFP). Organizations that are interested in competing for the grant funds must prepare and submit a full grant proposal.
- Full Grant Proposal – Typically, an RFP will indicate all information to be included, presented in a required order. These sections together represent the full grant proposal. Again, it is critical to review the specific requirements of the RFP, ensure that the project meets the goals of the grant, and develop a full grant proposal that includes all of the necessary sections.
- Cover Letter – Where a cover letter is requested, it is an opportunity to introduce your organization and to show how your proposal aligns with the funder’s goals. The letter is usually short and informal.
- Assurances and Certifications – Commonly associated with federal grants, there are common forms that may be required
in an RFP. Examples include:
- Standard Assurances
Certification Regarding Department
Drug-Free Workplace Certification
- Abstract or Executive Summary – Both terms are used to describe the very concise summary of the project, including the project name, goals, objectives, and expected impact. It may be as short as a single paragraph, and not more than one page.
- Introduction – As the name suggests, an RFP may request that one of the first sections of a grant proposal include an introduction. The introduction will describe the organization pursuing the grant and present the project that is in need of funding. Also, the introduction should show how the goals of your project and the mission of the organization are in alignment with the goals of the funder.
- Goals and Objectives – Goals describe the anticipated impact of the project to address the problem or opportunity. As such, goals are not measurable. Objectives are measurable. Objectives include a definition of what data will be collected and analyzed to show evidence of progress.
- Needs Statement, Statement of Problem, Significance – There are several names to describe this section. The purpose of this section is to influence the funder by communicating the significance of the problem and to describe how the proposed project will address this problem. In addition to describing the significance, it is necessary to justify the need with current statistics, often accompanied by a literature review of recent research.
- Activities, Methodology, Program Methods, Program Design – Grant proposals should provide a clear indication of the actions that will be taken. This section should include a research plan, a timeline, and defined responsibilities. Common tools used to populate this section are a logic model and a schedule (e.g. Gantt chart).
- Management Plan and Key Personnel – In this section, identify the Project Director, key personnel that will be working on the grant, and administrative support at your organization. Funders want to know that the grant efforts will be supported by the institution and that the responsibilities for grant activities have been considered and assigned to individuals.
- Evaluation Plan – Funders require projects to be evaluated to measure effectiveness and impact. This plan should provide details about qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods and plans for formative (periodic) and summative (final) evaluations. Evaluations may be conducted by a member of your organization or a third-party evaluator. Include evaluator credentials. If you have an evaluator, that person can assist in writing this section.
- Organizational Background, Resources, and Capabilities – Funders want to have confidence that the organization that receives grant funding has the ability to follow through with the project that they proposed. In this section, provide relevant information about the organization and its resources to demonstrate the capacity of the organization to handle the budgeting, activities, reporting, and evaluation, as required by the grant.
- Budget and Budget Narrative – A detailed budget shows the funder that you have considered and effectively forecasted all costs associated with the proposal. The budget (often presented in spreadsheet format) should break out costs into line items and should include an accurate cost estimate and a short description of each line item. In addition, some RFPs allow for a budget narrative which explains each line item in more detail.
- Dissemination Plan – Most grant funders expect that project results will contribute to societal good and that successful projects should be shared. The Dissemination Plan addresses how the results from the project activities will be shared. For example, the Dissemination Plan may include writing and publishing a journal article to contribute to the body of knowledge or presenting the findings at a conference.
- Sustainability Plan – It is common for funders to expect that the positive impact from a project will continue beyond the time frame of the grant. In other words, funders would prefer that grant funds start a project that will continue to be sustained.
- Attachments – An RFP may request additional information to be included as attachments at the end
of the full grant proposal. Below are some examples of items that are commonly included
- IRS 501 (c)(3) letter on nonprofit determination
- Recent financial statements
Letters of support and memoranda of understanding with partner agencies
- Resumes for key staff & evaluator credentials
- Specifications for major capital equipment purchases
- Newspaper articles that describe the organization, its programs, and the impact of those programs
- Board and advisory committee info
Writing a Compelling Argument
A grant proposal is a type of persuasive or argumentative writing because the proposal aims to convince the funder, usually a government entity or a foundation, to grant money in support of a project or program that will make a positive impact in an area of need. As with all persuasive writing, the writer must carefully consider the audience, purpose, genre, organization/structure, content, style, format, grammar, spelling, and punctuation of the document. A writing plan must also allow time for revising and proofreading. The following information provides suggestions of how to write an effective/compelling argument in a grant proposal based on those categories.
- Know your audience. Before submitting a grant proposal, you should find out about the grant maker/funder. Learn as much as you can and understand the priorities of the organization. Research their vision and values and establish a clear understanding of the type of project they aim to fund. If your project is not in alignment with their vision, find another funder. Study the website. Know the name of the current program director, who will often present your proposal to a board. When you prepare the proposal, remember that hundreds if not thousands of other proposals are also being reviewed, so for the sake of your reader(s), follow all directions exactly, write in a way that is clear and precise, and make sure that the project or program you want to have funded matches the philanthropic goals of the grant maker.
- Know the field. What other organizations have received grants from this funder? What types of other similar programs might be funded? What other similar programs are being offered or have been offered in your community or region?
- First, verify your organization’s eligibility for the grant, and if you are not eligible, do not submit the proposal.
- Maintain a clear purpose which is to describe your organization; present a problem or need; tell how your program or project can meet that need; show goals, objectives, and measurable outcomes; present a budget to request funds; show how the program will be evaluated and sustained.
- Most grant makers will provide specific directions for the grant proposal and the different sections within it.
- Follow guidelines to the letter and do not deviate from them in any way. Answer every question and respond to every section.
- Within each section of the grant proposal, start with a main point that clearly answers the question of that section. Then, provide details to support that point.
- Make an outline first.
- Include headings, subheadings, and a table of contents. You may want to use the same words in your headings as you find in the application package.
- Your information should be logical, clear, and easy to follow.
- Be clear about what you want funded, when, where, and why.
- Tell a good story about your organization and the people in it; the problem or need your program or project addresses; details about your project complete with facts, statistics, and research; the objectives and ways of measuring the outcomes; costs and budget; evaluation methods; and explanation of sustainability.
- Show passion and commitment to your cause.
- Include some brief anecdotal information to add a human face to the problem.
- Persuade your audience that the program you propose is a solution to this problem. Prove that your solution to the problem/need can be implemented and effective.
- Show how the goals and objectives are in alignment with those of the funder.
- Funders want to know that their grants make a significant impact, so include outcomes that are SMART: specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-constrained.
- When presenting the budget, do not over- or under-estimate the amount of money needed. Be reasonable about the amount requested.
- When relevant, use chart, graphs, tables, diagrams, and other illustrations but make sure they are clear.
- When relevant, describe collaborative efforts with other organizations or entities.
- If possible, show that you have other funding as well, including in-kind contributions, or are seeking ways to diversify the funding.
- Establish a professional tone.
- The language should be formal and business-like but not overly bombastic.
- You can use some of the same language as you find in the guidelines or application package.
- The writing should be clear, direct, precise, sharp, and crisp.
- Delete unnecessary words to make the writing more concise.
- Avoid slang and jargon.
- Watch out for potentially offensive language
- Use a variety of sentence structures: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.
- Avoid vague pronouns, such as “this” without a specific noun to follow it.
- Use specific subjects and active verbs. For example, instead of writing, “This is a project that will help the youth in the community,” write “This project will help the youth in the community.”
- Avoid repeating the same word in one sentence.
- Spell out contractions.
- Follow the guidelines exactly.
- Do not exceed page limits or word counts.
- Use standard margins, font, and letter size unless directed otherwise: one-inch margins, Times New Roman font, and 12-point letter size.
- Consider including a cover letter and table of contents.
- Use an Appendix/Attachments for supplemental documents.
- Cite sources using current APA style.
- If you have access to sample proposals, review those for format and content.
- Be consistent. Areas of consistency to watch for include heading formats, verb tenses, capitalization, acronyms/titles, pronoun references, and hyphenation of words, to name a few.
- The document should look pleasing to the eye, readable, and attractive.
- Use correct grammar. Watch for the most basic errors such as subject-verb agreement, correct verb forms, parallel structure, and clear pronoun references.
- When possible, use the active voice.
- Limit the use of adjectives and adverbs.
- Use strong, vivid, active verbs whenever possible.
- Write in the third person point of view. An occasional use of “we” might be acceptable.
- Run a spell check.
- Spell out acronyms.
- Use proper punctuation and review guidelines if you are unsure.
- Punctuation can be a highly effective tool.
- Allow several days to review the document and to ask others in your organization to review it. Be prepared to make major revisions by adding and deleting sections, adding more details or examples, sharpening your focus, or making any other changes to make your writing easier to read and your argument to fund your program more compelling.
- The suggested time to spend on a federal grant proposal is 80 hours. For some foundation grants, over 100 hours may be required.
Proofreading and Editing
- Put the document aside for at least 24 hours to approach it with fresh eyes.
- Ask someone else to proofread the document.
- Proofread the document carefully using these techniques:
- Read the document out loud. Imagine the funder is sitting across from you. This technique will force you to slow down and consider the sound of your words.
- Isolate each sentence by blocking out the surrounding sentences. On a printed page, you can put a piece of paper over the other sentences, and on a computer, you can highlight the individual sentence. Focus on that one sentence for correctness.
- Read one sentence at a time starting with the last sentence on the page or document and progress one sentence at a time going backwards. This technique will also force you to slow down.
- The most important tips are to follow all the guidelines in the proposal exactly, to make sure that your program fits the description of the types of programs to be funded by this grant, and to present your organization and your program in a clear, concise, and compelling argument. Also, very importantly, be sure to submit the proposal before the deadline.
Developing a Grant Budget
- Know your funder. Research the types and amounts of grants this funder has provided to other organizations in the past. Foundations and nonprofit organizations which are classified as a 501(c)(3) organization must file a tax form 990 which will show which organizations have been funded in the past and the amounts. The 990 forms can be found at the Foundation Center Online by Candid.
- Read the proposal and grant application guidelines carefully because they will specify the amount of the grant and what types of costs can or cannot be covered by the grant. Do not include any items that the funder has stated will not be covered. If you are uncertain about whether a specific type of cost will be covered, call the funder’s program director to ask.
- Be reasonable and as accurate as possible in determining the amount to request. Do not ask for too much or too little money to cover the costs of the program. Don’t be greedy. Also, keep in mind that most grant makers will already be familiar with average costs of the types of projects they fund.
- Do not ask for the full grant amount. If your budget needs approach the full amount, ask for a figure slightly under that full amount.
- Create a line-by-line list of the items in the budget and the cost of each item. Show
exact costs. Do not round up or down. Some common budget items are the following:
- Personnel and staff
- This section is likely to take up the majority of the expenses. Include the usual salary for someone in each position and show the number of hours and weeks each person will be working. Make a distinction between full-time and part-time. Include the titles but not the names of the individuals. Personnel could also include any consultants or evaluators who will be paid.
- Training costs for staff
- These costs may or may not be covered by the grant, as stated in the proposal or application guidelines.
- In-kind contributions
- These refer to costs or services that your organization will cover or provide, such as volunteer staff.
- Financial record-keeping services, such as a public accounting firm
- Facility space such as rent
- Office supplies
- Equipment (such as computers, printers, etc.)
- Travel costs
- Overhead, administrative, or indirect costs, such as utilities, cleaning services,
and clerical costs
- If your organization can support these, list them as in-kind contributions. A funder may have a defined cap on indirect costs, such as 15%.
- Personnel and staff
- If required for the application, include a budget narrative, also known as a budget justification, which is a line-by-line verbal explanation of each item. A one-sentence explanation for each item should suffice. As each item is presented, show the connection between this item and the activities in the proposed program or project. The budget narrative should be easy to read, crisp, and clear.
- If a budget narrative is not required, provide explanations for the amount of money you are requesting in the proposal.
- In the proposal, include explanations of other funding sources. Grant makers often want to see a strong donor base and diversification of funding.
- Try to plan for every cost because expenses that were not explained in the budget and budget narrative are considered disallowed costs and cannot be covered.
- Know the cost reimbursement grant agreement details regarding when and how costs are covered. Some funders will provide some of the money up front, but others will provide it only as a reimbursement.
- Some grant funders may require mandatory meetings. For example, many federal grant programs require at least one meeting per year at the funder’s location.
- Finally, keep your expectations realistic, knowing that on average, about 10 – 20% of grant applications get funded.
Glossary of Grant Terms
501(c)(3)Internal Revenue Service designation for non-profit funders
990 Tax FormFederal tax form required for all non-profits, can provide insights to determine if the funder supports your cause
CFP – Call for ProposalsSolicitation notice of grant funding opportunity (See also FOA, NOFA, RFA, RFP)
CAF – Common Application FormShared form accepted by multiple grant providers such as a regional association of grantmakers
Competitive GrantGrants for which the funder will receive multiple proposals and will select which proposals merit funding through a competitive screening process
Cost Sharing/Matching/Challenge GrantTerms used interchangeably, funding opportunity where your organization puts up a given portion of the project cost and funder or other donor supplies the remainder
Direct CostsCosts directly related to the implementation of the program: e.g. personnel salaries, equipment, program materials, travel, communications costs
EvaluationReport of the progress of grant program (formative evaluation), and the success of the grant program in meeting stated program goals (summative evaluation)
Federal RegisterPublication of information about federal grants such as solicitations of grant proposals
Financial RecordkeepingTracking of grants’ funds and expenses, which may be done by internal staff or by an external public accounting firm
FOA – Funding Opportunity AnnouncementSolicitation notice of grant funding opportunity (See also CFP, NOFA, RFA, RFP)
FoundationPrivate foundations, community foundations, and corporate foundations - common source of grant funding (along with federal and state grants)
Funding CycleCommon tool used to depict a project timeline in a graphical fashion by showing tasks with start dates, completion dates, and task durations
GrantFunding (and in-kind contributions) awarded to an organization to implement a planned program, typically intended to benefit a target audience
Indirect Costs/Institutional OverheadAlso referred to as “facilities and administrative costs (F&A)” or “overhead,” costs for materials and services that indirectly support the program (e.g. administrative costs, rent, office supplies, etc.), and which may be grouped together and represented by a general administration rate
In-kind ContributionsNon-monetary contributions (e.g. personnel, goods, and services, including direct and indirect costs), which should be accounted for in the project budget
Logic ModelGraphical depiction of interactions between inputs and resources, program activities, outputs expected, outcomes and anticipated impact for the target population
LOI – Letter of Inquiry/Letter of IntentProvided to a grant funder, intended to promote interest in the funder to fund your project
LOI – Letter of InterestRequired by some RFPs, sent to the grant funder who then decides if they are willing to accept a full grant proposal from your organization
MOU – Memorandum of UnderstandingDocumented agreements with partner agencies or subcontractors involved in a grant program
NOFA – Notice of Funding AvailabilitySolicitation notice of grant funding opportunity (See also CFP, FOA, RFA, RFP)
Not-for-profit Organization/Nonprofit OrganizationOrganization which has been given tax-exempt status by the US Internal Revenue Service and which is often a source of grants
Pass-through FundingFederal monies obtained by the state that are passed on to others
Program BudgetAll costs associated with implementation of a grant proposal, including personnel, direct costs, indirect costs, and third-party services and subcontracting costs
Program Officer/Grants OfficerThe individual at the grant funding organization who receives grant proposals and processes the applications
ProposalCollection of materials prepared to apply for a grant funding opportunity which may be solicited or unsolicited
RAGRegional Association of Grantmakers
RFA – Request for ApplicationSolicitation notice of grant funding opportunity (See also CFP, FOA, NOFA, RFP)
RFP – Request for ProposalSolicitation notice of grant funding opportunity (See also CFP, FOA, NOFA, RFA)
Solicited/Unsolicited ProposalsSolicited grant proposals are provided in response to a published RFP, whereas unsolicited proposals may be preceded by a Letter of Inquiry or Letter of Intent
SustainabilityThe ability of the proposed program to continue after the grant funds have been spent
Helpful Grant Websites
This ETSU website addresses the life cycle of grants, from funding opportunities through project closeout. Links are provided, when available, to supporting university policy, procedures, and forms: https://www.etsu.edu/research/orspa/iguide/default.php
This website by Candid provides information and resources about non-profit foundations and grants as well as webinars and training on grant writing. Candid formed with the merger of The Foundation Center and Guidestar: www.candid.org
This website of the Philanthropy News Digest, sponsored by Candid, provides information about possible grants from foundations and lists currently active RFPs: http://philanthropynewsdigest.org/
This website provides information and resources about federal grants: www.grants.gov
This website of The Grantsmanship Center provides information and training about private and public non-profit organizations: https://www.tgci.com/
This website is for the American Grant Writers Association: http://www.agwa.us/
This website gives examples of some Tennessee State grants: https://www.tn.gov/rural/search-for-grants---resources.html